Call Us: +84 903419479

Contact Center

+84 903419479

The newest procedures for consensual divorce in Vietnam

Consensual Divorce 15/11/2022

About the divorce, most of people state that the spouses often have the dispute when getting divorce. However, in particular, there are some couple choosing to settle divorce peacefully when they realize the bad situation of their marriage. However, this also need to be recognized by the Court. In this article, Apolo Lawyers – Solicitors & Litigators (+84) 903.419.479 will show you the newest procedures for consensual divorce in Vietnam.

1.What is consensual divorce?

According to Clause 14 Article 3, Law on Marriage and Family 2014, divorce is a termination of the husband and wife relation under legally effective judgment or decision of the Court.

Accordingly, if only husband or wife requests for divorce, the divorce will be settled based the request of that party (also called “unilateral divorce”)

On the other hand, if both husband and wife request for divorce, the Court will settle based on the procedure for consensual divorce.

Therefore, consensual divorce can be known as the divorce based on the agreement of the husband and wife. In addition, Article 55 Law on Marriage and Family 2014 also stipulated the terms to be recognized divorce consensually by the Court. Specifically:

- Both the husband and wife request for divorce voluntarily

- Both the parties reached on the agreement relating to property division, nursing children, support …

- The Court recognizes the consensual divorce.

Therefore, the divorce of the parties is only recognized legally when meeting the above terms.


2. The dossier for consensual divorce

According to Clause 2 Article 29 the Civil Procedure Code 2015, the requests for the recognization of the consensual divorce, the nursing children and property division agreement is the civil matters. So, husband and wife have to prepare the following dossier for consensual divorce:

- The Certificate of Marriage (original). If not having, the parties can request civil status agency to issue the copy.

- Identity card of each party (certified copy). If not having, the parties have to follow the instructions of the Court to apply alternative documents

- Birth certificates of their children (certified copy)

- The family registration book (certified copy)

- The documents relating to common property (certified copy)

Especially, the most important documents is the application for consensual divorce signed by the parties.


3. The procedure for consensual divorce

To carry out the procedure for consensual divorce, the parties shall take the following steps:

Step 1: Preparing documents and apply for the District Court in which has the jurisdiction according to Law on Marriage and Family 2014.

Step 2: Paying of charge for civil matter resolution

After receiving the petition and accompanied materials, the Chief Justice of the Court shall assign a Judge to handle the petition. If the petition and accompanied materials are deemed satisfactory to be accepted, the Judge shall notify the petitioner about the payment of charge for civil matter resolution within 05 working days from the day on which the notice of charge payment is received.

Within 03 days from the day on which the case is accepted, the parties will be notified about settling their request.

Step 3: The Court considers the application and holds the meetings to settle the request for consensual divorce

Within 1 month from the day on which the case is accepted, the Court shall conduct the mediation according to Article 207, the Civil Procedure Code 2015.

Judges must conduct mediations to unify husbands and wives; explain about rights and obligations between wife and husband, parents and children and between members of family and rights and obligations in providing alimonies and other matters related to marriage and family.

Step 4: Making decisions to recognize the consensual divorce and agreement between the parties.

If after the mediations, the wives and the husbands decide to reunite, Judges shall issue decisions to terminate the resolution of their petitions.

If the mediations for reunification are not successful and involved parties cannot reach agreements about the division of properties and the care, rearing and education of children, then the Courts shall terminate the settlement of civil matters pertaining to recognition of consensual divorce. The marriage relationship terminated from the day on which the decision of the recognition of consensual divorce takes effect.

4. Legal service for supporting to carry out the newest procedures for consensual divorce in Vietnam

With the thorough knowledge, our lawyers have the deep experience to help the client carry out procedures for consensual divorce. So if you need more help, do not hesitate to contact Apolo Lawyers. We will support our client with these tasks:

  • Consulting on conditions of the consensual divorce, the subject has the right to request the Court to settle the divorce in accordance with the law on marriage and family. 
  • Advising on the rights and obligations of the parties towards the other party, common property, children, and joint debt after divorce; 
  • Consulting the contents in the Application for consensual divorce: marital status, agreement on common property, children, joint debt; 
  • Advice on the handling order of the Court and steps to be taken in the case of a consensual divorce. 
  • Drafting and finalizing the form and detailed content of the Application; 
  • Support clients in the process of working with competent authorities; 
  • Consulting on the fees of a consensual divorce, time to resolve the recognition of consensual divorce of the Court.